Philippine Presidents

Emilio Aguinaldo
 y Famy was born into the local elite of Cavite on the Island of Luzon in the Philippines. His father had been mayor of Kawit (Cavite viejo) at the time of his death in 1878, a post Aguinaldo himself would hold in 1895. That same year Aguinaldo joined the secret, nationalist brotherhood Katipunanfounded by Andrés Bonifacio. After the Philippines erupted in revolt against the Spaniards in 1896, Aguinaldo won several victories in Cavite Province. When Bonifacio came out of hiding in March 1897 and tried to reassert his leadership of Katipunan, Aguinaldo ordered his arrest, imprisonment, and eventual execution on May 10, 1897.
Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina
(August 19, 1878 – August 1, 1944) 
served as president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944. He was the first Filipino to head a government of the Philippines. Quezón is considered by most Filipinos to have been the second president of the Philippines, after Emilio Aguinaldo (1897–1901). Quezón was the first Senate president elected to the presidency, the first president elected through a national election, and the first incumbent to secure re-election (for a partial second term, later extended, due to amendments to the 1935 Constitution). He is known as the "Father of the National Language".
José Paciano Laurel y García
 (March 9, 1891 – November 6, 1959)
 was the president of the Republic of the Philippines, a Japanese-sponsored administration during World War II, from 1943 to 1945. Since the administration of President Diosdado Macapagal 
(1961–1965), Laurel has been recognized as a legitimate president of the Philippines.
Osmeña, Sergio
, Philippine independence leader and statesman, born on Cebu. Trained as a lawyer, he was elected to the first Philippine assembly, became its speaker (1907-1916), and later served as senator from Cebu. Osmeña headed several missions to the United States to argue for Philippine independence and was instrumental in gaining commonwealth status for the Philippines in 1935. Twice elected vice-president of the commonwealth (1935 and 1941), he became president of the government in exile when President Manuel Quezon died in 1944. He was, however, defeated (1946) in the first elections of an independent Philippines.
Manuel A. Roxas 
(1 January 1892 - 15 April 1948)
 is the 5th President of the Philippines, 3rd President of theCommonwealth of the Philippines (28 May 1946 - 4 July 1946) and the 1st President of the 3rd Republic (4 July 1946 - 15 April 1948) who hailed from the province of Iloilo.

Born on 1 January 1892 to Gerardo Roxas [Sr.] and Rosario Acuna in Capiz City (renamed as Roxas City in 1949). Manuel Roxas' ancestry can be traced back to Antonio Roxas y Ureta, brother of Domingo Roxas. Antonio Roxas married Lucina Arroyo and would have a son named Juan Pablo Roxas y Arroyo, who in turn had a son named Caetano Arroyo, the father of Antonio Roxas. Antonio was the father of Gerardo Roxas.
Elpidio Rivera Quirino
 (November 16, 1890 – February 29, 1956)
 was a Filipino politician, and the sixth President of the Philippines.

A lawyer by profession, Quirino entered politics when he became a representative of Ilocos Sur from 1919 to 1925. He was then elected as senator from 1925-1931. In 1934, he became a member of the Philippine independence commission that was sent to Washington, D.C., which secured the passage of Tydings-McDuffie Act to American Congress. In 1935, he was also elected to become member of the convention that will write the draft of then 1935 constitution for the newly-established Commonwealth. At the new government, he served as secretary of the interior and finance under Quezon's cabinet.
President of the Republic of the Philippines
30 December 1953 - 17 March 1957

Ramon Magsaysay was the third president of the Republic of the Philippines after World War II. His life had great impact not only in his country but on many people in many lands. He was one of the outstanding leaders of his time.
Ramon Magsaysay commanded the admiration, respect and affection of people because he was a simple, humble man; because he cared for all people as individuals and believed in their dignity and importance; and because he had the courage of his convictions. His objective was to improve the lot of his fellow Filipinos and he approached the task with selfless devotion. He was convinced that government, to last and to be sound, must have integrity andreflect the will of the people.
A man of greatness of spirit, he saw his fellow human beings born with the right to live in liberty and happiness. He angered at injustice and the violation of high principles. He worked to build a nation -- a world -- in which all people were free and lived in honor and peace with one another.
The world is richer and better because Ramon Magsaysay lived. His spirit will continue to be an inspiration. He exemplifies the highest type of leadership.
Carlos Polestico García
 (November 4, 1896 – June 14, 1971) was a Filipino teacher, poet, orator, lawyer, public official, and guerrilla leader. He became the eighth President of the Philippines known for his "Filipino First" policy, which put the interests of the Filipino people above those of foreigners and of the ruling party.
Diosdado Pangan Macapagal
 (September 28, 1910 – April 21, 1997)
 was the ninth President of the Philippines, serving from 1961 to 1965, and the sixth Vice President, serving from 1957 to 1961. He also served as a member of the House of Representatives, and headed the Constitutional Convention of 1970. He is the father of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who served as the 14th President of the Philippines from 2001 to 2010.
A native of Lubao, Pampanga, Macapagal graduated from the University of the Philippines and University of Santo Tomas, after which he worked as a lawyer for the government. Hefirst won election in 1949 to the House of Representatives, representing a district in his home province of Pampanga. In 1957 he became vice president in the administration of President Carlos P. Garcia, and in 1961 he defeated Garcia's re-election bid for the presidency
Ferdinand Edralin Marcos
 (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989)
 was the tenth (10th) President of the Republic of the Philippines and the only president to stay in office for more than twenty years (1965 to 1986). Dubbed as the country's "strongman," he holds the distinction of being the first and only Philippine President to be re-elected in office and the last Philippine Senate President to be elected to the highest office of the land – the Philippine Presidency. He served as president from 1965 to 1969 during his first term and was re-elected in 1969. Three years later, he declared Martial Law. He stayed in office since then until 1981 – the same year he lifted Martial Law. He was again re-elected for a term of six years but only served from 1981 to 1986 due to a snap presidential election. He was proclaimed winner of the elections by the National Assembly in 1986, but was deposed from office through a peaceful people's revolt, now popularly called the 1986 People Power Revolution.
Maria Corazon Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino
 (25 January 1933-1 August 2009)
more popularly known as "Cory Aquino", was Asia's first female President. She held office as the 11th President of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992, after the EDSA Revolution of 1986.
The widow of popular opposition senator Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino Jr., she became the focus of the opposition to theautocratic rule of President Ferdinand Marcos after Ninoy was assassinated at then Manila International Airport on his return from exile on 21 August 1983.
Fidel Valdez Ramos
 was the 12th president of the Philippines. He is a former soldier, chief of the defunct Philippine Constabulary-Integrated National Police (PC-INP), Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) chief of staff, and secretary of the Department of National Defense (DND). Although one of the architects and implementors of President Ferdinand Marcos' Martial Law proclamation, Ramos was also part of the 1986 People Power Revolution that ended two decades of Marcos rule in the Philippines.
In February 1986, Ramos and then Minister of National Defense Juan Ponce Enrile broke away from the administration of President Marcos. Together with a few hundred soldiers, Ramos and Enrile first went to Camp Aguinaldo then transferred to Camp Crame to make a last stand against the Marcos administration. Jaime Cardinal Sin called on Filipinos to proceed to Camp Crame and help defend the soldiers inside the camp. Thousands of Filipinos responded and what became known as the People Power Revolution changed the course of the country's political history.
Jose Marcelo Ejercito
better known by his screen name Joseph Ejercito Estrada or Erap, is an accomplished movie actor and producer and was the 13thPresident of the Philippines serving from January 20, 1997 to January 20, 2001. On September 12, 2007, he was convicted of plunder.
Maria Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal-Arroyo
 (born April 5, 1947)
is the 14th President of the Philippines and the current representative of the second district of Pampanga. She is the second female president of the Philippines, after PresidentCorazon Cojuangco Aquino; and the first female vice-president of the country.
Prior to her ascendancy as president in 2001, Arroyo served in government as vice president, senator, and a Cabinet secretary, undersecretary, and assistant secretary. An economist by training, she was also a professor of economics in leading Philippine tertiary educational institutions.
Arroyo's political standing since 2001 has been marked by triumphs, setbacks, and controversies. She was seen as the unifying figure in the Philippines after EDSA II and the one given credit for the country's modest economic growth from 2001 onwards. Internationally, she has been a consistent choice in Forbes Magazine's list of the World's 100 Most Powerful Women, ranking number 4 and 45 in 2005 and 2006, respectively. However, President Arroyo has also been continuously hounded by questions regarding her political legitimacy, threats of impeachment, military adventurism, and a fragile peace and order situation.
Benigno Simeón Cojuangco Aquino III
 (born February 8, 1960)
 is the 15th President of the Philippines. He is the son of Benigno Aquino Jr., a former senator and Marcos critic and Corazon Aquino, a former Philippinepresident. A current Senator to the 14th Congress of the Philippines, he served as former Representative of the 2nd District of the province of Tarlac to the 11th, 12th, and 13th Congress of the Philippines (1998-2007).